Skin, aging and skin care

Choosing the best skin care routine for yourself is overwhelming, especially with a list a mile long of possible products. Recommending skin care for your mother, your best friend’s cousin, and 8-10 of your closest acquaintances is mind-boggling!

(psst… for those of you that get bored in school, you can skip to the bottom for recommended ingredients 😉 )

I was thinking about how to further educate myself, started doing research, and this blog post was created. It’s sort of like a summarized product knowledge with my spin and peer-reviewed research to support the claims.

Aging skin: The external effects

Solar irradiation, especially ultraviolet radiation, causes the skin to look prematurely aged. The premature photoaged skin typically shows a thickened epidermis, mottled discoloration, deep wrinkles, laxity, dullness, and roughness. The majority of the structural changes we see in our skin come from UV damage


Unstable free radical molecules, like those from pollution and UVA, can prey on the electrons in your skin cells, leading to inflammation, uneven skin tone, and signs of premature skin aging.

Balance negative external effects with beneficial additions. Antioxidants help prevent such damage by giving free radicals what they want before they attack your cells. Best of all, you can reinforce your skin health inside and outside when you eat a diet rich in antioxidants and apply antioxidant-rich skin care. SeneGence products protect you from UV and free radicals!

Aging skin: The peculiar effects

Skin aging is a complex biological process influenced by a combination of external and genetic factors. Wrinkles, thinning, sagging, and dryness are all part of the intrinsic process. There is no cure for aging. In fact, it’s influenced by genetics. If your mother got wrinkles in her 30’s, chances are good you will too.


Our skin cells reproduce by dividing. With age, the dividing process slows. The process that limits the cell division number is called cellular or replicative senescence.

The process known as cellular senescence was linked to both tumor suppression and aging over 50 years ago (Hayflick 1965). A quick Google search will indicate researchers have also linked cellular senescence to hyperplastic pathologies, the deadliest of which is cancer. There are several publications where you can read about such cheery topics.  Here is a link: Aging, Cellular Senescence and Cancer.

The connective tissue of the skin is composed mostly of collagen and elastin. Collagen, making approximately 70% of the dermis, promotes skin thickness and elasticity, and gives the skin its firmness, fullness, and structure. As skin ages it doesn’t replace itself as quickly, therefore elastin and collagen, the proteins that keep skin strong and elastic, are produced more slowly. Intrinsically aged skin is thin, finely wrinkled, and dry. Gradual loss of skin elasticity leads to sagging.

Caring for your skin: Recommendations and ingredient highlights

The bottom line? The rate of cellular turn over decreases with age. To keep your skin looking young, use products/ingredients that increase cellular turnover.

The best place to start (for everyone) is moisturizer, cleanser, or both. These are the easiest products to remember to use and once you get good quality, you know it. Make sure you find ones specific to your skin type.

Exfoliating can help keep skin looking smooth & young. (if you have dry/sensitive skin, be careful of how often you do this) 30+ and feel like you need a little extra to remove dry dull patches? Surprisingly, volcanic ash & sand are a naturally occurring, renewable material that is free of fungal & bacterial contamination. It has been suggested that exfoliative cleaning promotes regeneration of the epidermal tissues such that the skin regains suppleness. It has also been proposed that the penetration of cosmetic or dermo-pharmaceutical products is facilitated by exfoliation.

The skin around your eye in the thinnest and requires the most attention. Use an eye cream, because your eyes won’t lie about your age. With age, improving skin hydration cannot be emphasized enough.Vitamin C, or ascorbic acid, is essential for healthy skin. Unfortunately, it easily decomposes to biologically inactive compounds, making it difficult to maintain the concentration needed to achieve visual skin enhancing effects. Results indicate that vitamin C enhanced collagen synthesis 3-fold in human skin fibroblasts. Find something that may use technology similar to this to allow the vitamin C molecules to penetrate the skin barrier and enhance appearance.

Become an age-fighting ninja! Improve collagen production with plant-based marine collagen (extracts of which form the

01c153ed473212848c5325fbad90b1f5 UGL complex), common bamboo (Bambousa vulgarus) and Pisum sativum. Topically applied collagen molecules are too large to penetrate the skin, thus remain on the surface, ineffectual at improving the skin’s underlying structure. Topical anti-aging products containing the UGL complex provides short-term improvement and long-term improvement in the appearance of facial skin.



Bambusa vulagarus is noted as having skin smoothing impacts in skin with elevations and depressions. Extracts from the common garden pea (Pisum sativum) contain saponins and/or sapogenols and have been used in cosmetic compositions that promote an increase in the amount of collagen.


Green tea (Camellia sinensis) leaf extract is a popular ingredient in cosmetic industry due research indicating its ability to inhibit the body’s immune suppression and skin cancer induction resulting from UVB exposure. The powerful antioxidant ability is provided by polyphenol epigallocatechin-3-gallate or EGCG polyphenols. Suncreens formulated with a little was 2-5% green extract have be shown to protect against photo-aging and thickening of the epidermis.


Banish dark under eye circles with Lilium candidum. Madonna lily flower has a long 519732be88a177f4298cb57fbbe4ab1fhistory of herbal use but is not extensively descried by researchers. In 2013 a paper on Periocular hyperpigmentationstated that creams containing Lilium candidum were a promising treatment option for dark circles. Traditionally, the flowers and the blub have been used in wound healing, to soothe and protect irritated or inflamed tissue and as an emollient.



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Talk to you soon,



Author: Sarah Fegley

Hey There, I’m Sarah Fegley. Your back porch sitting with a cup of coffee or tea and a plate full of PB&J next to my computer while I enjoy the sunshine with my dog and baby playing at my feet.

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